Route Selection Approach for Vessels in Ice Covered Waters
Bekir Sahin, Serdar Kum
Arctic sea ice melt fast and soon the North Pole will be open water. Besides disadvantages of the global warming to the environment and ecology, it brings some opportunities to the logistics industry. Ice navigation has been conducted intensively in summer seasons of the year, since 2009. Vessels started to move through the Arctic region because ice navigation shortens the route approximately 7.000 nautical miles. This paper focuses on route selection in icy waters. We proposed The Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) approach for route selection problem based on the ice-state factors. The indicators of the proposed model involve cost-benefit factors. In this study, the optimal track is selected. Keywords: Arctic navigation, Decision Support System, Navigation in ice covered waters.
- Ari, I., Aksakalli, V., Aydogdu, V. and S. Kum. 2013. Optimal ship navigation with safety distance and realistic turn constraints. European Journal of Operational Research, 229, 707–717.
- Buysse, J. 2007. Handling Ships in Ice, A practical guide to handling class 1A and 1AS ships, London, England: The Nautical Institute.
- IMO, 2010. Guidelines for Ships Operating in Polar Waters. A26/Res.1024.
- IMO, 2014. IMO documents. http://docs.imo.org. Accessed: 15.05.2014.
- Kim, G., Park, C.S. and K.P. Yoon. 1997. Identifying investment opportunities for advanced manufacturing systems with comparative-integrated performance measurement. International Journal of Production Economics, 50, 23-33
- Shen, C. and W. Shi. 2011. Review of Climate Change in the Arctic. ICEES, Energy Procedia 11, 2466-2473
- STCW, 1995. The International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watch-keeping for Seafarers. International Maritime Organization.
- Wilson, K.J., Falkingham, J., Melling, H. and R.D. Abreu. 2004. Shipping in the Canadian Arctic: other possible climate change scenarios. In Proceedings of the Inter-national Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium.